Wancho

The Wancho are a community of people inhabiting the Patkai hills of Longding district (previously part of Tirap), in Arunachal Pradesh. They have a population of 56,886 (Census 2011), and they are ethnically related to the Konyak of neighbouring Nagaland: for example, they had a tradition of elaborate tattoos and disposed of the dead in a similar way. The Wancho are organised under important chiefs called Wangham and according to tradition, a portion of any animal killed in a hunt was presented to the Wangham and the entire community combined to build the Wangham’s palace.  Every Wangham had his morung (male dormitory and meeting house), and his wife would tattoo the warriors after a head-hunting raid.